A genetic study in 2007 revealed that domestic cats are descended from African wildcats (Felis silvestris lybica) c. 8000 BCE, in the Middle East. According to Scientific American, cats are the most popular pet in the world, and are now found almost every place where people live.
Cats were originally domesticated because they hunted mice who would eat stored grains, protecting the food stores. It was a beneficial situation for both species: cats got a reliable source of prey, and humans got effortless pest control.
Cats have a rapid breeding rate. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, and the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, with a population of up to 60 million of these animals in the United States alone, requiring population control and unnecessary killing.
Since cats were cult animals in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there, but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic.
Kittens are generally ready to leave their mum and go to their new home around 10-12 weeks of age.
This really depends on your vet's personal preference. However, kittens can be desexed as young as 8 weeks of age. They should definitely have been desexed prior to six months as some kittens can already reproduce at this young age.
| F3 (1st shot)||8 weeks|
| F3 (2nd shot)|| 12 weeks|
| F3 (booster shot)|| 12 months|
| Rabies *|| 12 weeks|
| Rabies *(booster)|| 12 months|
Kittens and cats should be wormed as follows:
Common signs of sickness in cats include:
It is really important for cat owners to keep a close eye on "what's normal" with your own cat and be conscious of changes. Even the smallest thing like stopping greeting you at the door can be a sign that your cat is not well.
No, FIV is species specific and affects felines only. We cannot pass HIV on to cats for the same reason.
No, it is not possible to catch a cold from a cat, but is possible for a cat to catch a cold from you.
No, this is definitely not true. There are two reasons why pregnant women are told to get rid of the cat. The first is that cats can transmit a parasite known as toxoplasmosis. If she becomes infected during pregnancy it can lead to miscarriage or abnormalities.
If a woman is planning to become pregnant she should be tested for toxoplasmosis. A large portion of the human population have already had prior exposure to this and there is little chance of the foetus becoming infected. The problem arises if a woman becomes infected for the first time during pregnancy.
Precautions should be taken. Where possible, a pregnant woman shouldn't clean out litter trays, if she must, then she should wear rubber gloves and wash her hands afterwards. Trays should be scooped daily.
Toxoplasmosis can also be transmitted via undercooked meat & unwashed vegetables.
Kittens have different nutritional requirements to adult cats and should be fed an appropriate kitten food. This may be canned or dry.
Adult cats can be fed a number of different types of food. A nice combination however could be canned wet food twice a day, and leaving dry food out for him to nibble on when he pleases.
The best cat prime food diets will be available on vet clinics or pet shops.
Adult cats should be fed twice a day, morning and night. Kittens and pregnant/lactating cats require more frequent meals, up to 4-5 times a day.
Water. They can drink milk but many cats are lactose intolerant, so if you want to give your cat milk, buy the "cat milk" available from your pet shop.
Two reasons. Firstly all cats need to scratch. This helps remove the old, outer layer of the claw & exercises the muscles of the shoulders & legs. A little like us having a big stretch when we wake up on a morning. Secondly, the cats have scent glands between the toes which secrete pheromones. Scratching transfers these pheromones onto the object.
Every cat owner should provide their cat with an appropriate scratching post.
There are a number of reasons this may be occurring. Medical, dirty litter trays, stress, spraying. You should always seek veterinary attention if your cat is not using the litter tray to determine if the cause is medical or not. Some medical conditions can be life threatening.
Medical - Feline lower urinary tract disease, bladder stones, bladder infection, diarrhea.
Dirty litter trays - Cats are fastidiously clean animals & don't like dirty litter trays. They should be scooped out twice a day & fully emptied once a week.
Spraying - Spraying is generally down to two reasons. Stress or territorial marking. Stress is common in the cat & could be caused by a number of reasons. A new family member, inter cat aggression, overcrowding, change in routine etc. Spraying is greatly reduced in desexed cats.
The best place to adopt a cat is from the listed animal rescued groups in your city. DO NOT participate on the cruel animal trading by buying animals.